Sunday, July 23, 2017

Lesson 231 – Parts of the Sentence – Verbals – Adverb Infinitives

An infinitive is to plus a verb form. It can be used as an adverb. Examples: to be, to see, to be seen, to be eaten.
Adverb infinitives are used to modify verbs. They usually tell why.
An infinitive phrase is made up of an infinitive and any complements (direct objects, predicate nominatives, predicate adjectives, or modifiers.) An infinitive phrase that comes at the beginning of the sentence is always followed by a comma and modifies the subject of the sentence.
Instructions: Find the infinitives in these sentences and tell what word they modify.
1. The man came to confess.
2. We should study to learn.
3. The girls were waiting to be asked.
4. Our neighbor called to apologize.
5. I went to the hospital to rest.
–For answers scroll down.
Answers:
1. to confess modifies the verb came
2. to learn modifies the verb should study
3. to be asked modifies the verb were waiting
4. to apologize modifies the verb called
5. to rest modifies the verb went

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Friday, July 21, 2017

Quiz for Lessons 226 – 230 – Parts of the Sentence – Participles

Instructions: Combine these sentences using a participial phrase.
1. I strolled down the lane. I was enjoying the fragrant air.
2. My dog wanted his meal. He was begging at my feet.
3. The contestant crossed her fingers for luck. She hoped it was the right answer.
4. The paramedic leaned over the victim. He was checking for vital signs.
5. The man shouted for help. He was hanging on the side of the boat.
Instructions: Rewrite these sentences so the participial phrase is used correctly.
6. Drinking in gulps, the pitcher was emptied.
7. Convinced of my honesty, I was allowed to leave.
8. Watching the sunset, the evening was beautiful.
9. Hanging in the closet, I found my new suit.
10. We saw several caves walking through the mountains.
–For answers scroll down.
Answers:
1. Enjoying the fragrant air, I strolled down the lane.
2. Begging at my feet, my dog wanted his meal.
3. Hoping it was the right answer, the contestant crossed her fingers for luck.
4. Checking for vital signs, the paramedic leaned over the victim.
5. Hanging on the side of the boat, the man shouted for help.
6. Drinking in gulps, I emptied the pitcher.
7. Convinced of my honesty, the police allowed me to leave.
8. Watching the sunset, I found the evening beautiful.
9. I found my new suit hanging in the closet.
10. Walking through the mountains, we saw several caves.

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Monday, July 17, 2017

Lesson 226 – Parts of the Sentence – Verbals – Participles

A participle is used as an adjective and ends various ways. A present participle always ends with ing as does the gerund, but remember that it is an adjective. A past participle ends with ed, n, or irregularly. Examples: played, broken, brought, sung, seeing, having seen, being seen, seen, having been seen. Participles modify nouns and pronouns and can precede or follow the word modified. (Do not confuse participles that end in ing with gerunds. Participles are used as adjectives; gerunds are used as nouns.)
A participial phrase is made up of a participle and any complements (direct objects, predicate nominatives, predicate adjectives, or modifiers) like the gerund. A participial phrase that comes at the beginning of the sentence is always followed by a comma and modifies the subject of the sentence.
Participial phrases are useful in combining pairs of sentences.
Instructions: Combine the following sentences using a participial phrase following the word it modifies.
1. The woman fed the pigeons. The woman was sitting on the park bench.
2. Jeanne finished the painting last month. The painting was hanging on the wall.
3. I really liked the blue sports car. The car was sitting in the showroom.
4. That man makes jewelry. He is getting into his car.
5. I carefully wrapped the package to be sure it was done correctly. The package was lying on the desk.
–For answers scroll down.
Answers:
1. The woman sitting on the park bench fed the pigeons.
2. Last month Jeanne finished the painting hanging on the wall.
3. I really liked the blue sports car sitting in the showroom.
4. That man getting into his car makes jewelry.
5. I carefully wrapped the package lying on the desk to be sure it was done correctly.

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Friday, July 14, 2017

Quiz for Lessons 221 – 225 – Parts of the Sentence – Verbals

Instructions: Find the infinitives, participles, and the participial and infinitive phrases in these sentences and tell what word they modify.
1. My attempts to comfort the lost boy were useless.
2. Having been left behind, the puppy gave a whining howl.
3. The exhausted men were given the signal to start the march.
4. The admired musician wants a person to study with him.
5. The screaming fans cheered their fighting team.
6. The droning lecture caused the students’ heads to nod.
7. Having finished our work, we now had time to play.
–For answers scroll down.
Answers:
1. to comfort the lost boy modifies attempts; lostmodifies boy
2. Having been left behind modifies puppy; whiningmodifies howl
3. exhausted modifies men; to start the march modifiessignal
4. admired modifies musician; to study with him modifies person
5. screaming modifies fans; fighting modifies team
6. droning modifies lecture; to nod modifies heads
7. Having finished our work modifies we; to playmodifies time

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Tangled: Adjectives, Describing People

This awesome activity was provided by a reader, Fabiana de Souza. Thanks, Fabiana, for sharing such a creative exercise.




My name’s Fabiana. I’m Paranaense but I live in Sorocaba – São Paulo.
I love studying and teaching English. It’s something that makes me really happy.
I work at Dialeto Idiomas (http://ift.tt/2qirCWe) and I use Claudio’s website a lot (I’m a big fan).
Enjoy your studies everybody. The magically long-haired Rapunzel is the missing daughter of a Queen and King.  She was kidnnapped by Mother Gothel and raised as her daughter in a high tower in an isolated area. The adventure begins when Princess Rapunzel meets Flynn Rider. I really like this movie and I watch it every single week 🙂

1- DESCRIBE THEIR PHYSICAL APPEARANCE:

What does she look like?

 What does she look like?

What does she look like?

What does he look like?

 What does he look like?

What does he look like?

2 – DESCRIBING PERSONALITY

Match the adjectives with the definitions and then complete with an opposite adjective from the list.
Definitions from http://ift.tt/2tjDi92;

ADJECTIVES : friendly   funny    generous     lazy   shy   smart   talkative

OPPOSITE : cheap  extrovert hardworking quiet serious  stupid  unfriendly

a- behaving in a kind and pleasant way because you like somebody or want to help them

_______________________              _____________________________

b – making you laugh; amusing

_______________________                              _____________________________

c- giving or willing to give freely

_______________________              _____________________________

d- unwilling to work or be active; doing as little as possible

_______________________               _____________________________

e- nervous or embarassed about meeting or speaking to other people

_______________________                _____________________________

f- intelligent

_______________________                 _____________________________

g- liking to talk a lot

_______________________                _____________________________

h- Now watch the segment and describe the characters. What is he like? What is she like?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fi8kYcl2Y38 

3- Listen the song again and complete the lyric.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fi8kYcl2Y38 

Read the song lyrics. Then listen to the song and complete each verse with the correct words.

VERSE 1
sprout safe and sound wrong sapling scary fragile

You want to go outside? Why, Rapunzel…!
Look at you, as __________ as a flower
Still a little____, just a_______
You know why we stay up in this tower

Rapunzel:
I know but…

Mother Gothel:
That’s right, to keep you________, dear
Guess I always knew this day was coming
Knew that soon you’d want to leave the nest
Soon, but not yet

Rapunzel:
But–

Mother Gothel:
Shh!
Trust me, pet
Mother knows best
Mother knows best
Listen to your mother
It’s a ______ world out there
Mother knows best
One way or another
Something will go________, I swear
Ruffians, thugs
Poison ivy, quicksand
Cannibals and snakes
The plague

Rapunzel:                                    Mother Gothel:                   Rapunzel:
No!                                              Yes!                                     But–

VERSE 2
sloppy alone large underdressed clumsy pointy immature late

Mother Gothel:
Also _____ bugs
Men with _____ teeth, and
Stop, no more, you’ll just upset me
Mother’s right here
Mother will protect you
Darling, here’s what I suggest
Skip the drama
Stay with mama
Mother knows best
Go ahead, get trampled by a rhino
Go ahead, get mugged and left for dead
Me, I’m just your mother, what do I know?
I only bathed and changed and nursed you
Go ahead and leave me, I deserve it
Let me die _______here, be my guest
When it’s too _______
You’ll see, just wait
Mother knows best
Mother knows best
Take it from your mumsy
On your own, you won’t survive
_________,  ___________
_________, ___________
                   
VERSE 3
chubby naive vague ditzy gullible grubby

Please, they’ll eat you up alive
_________, __________
Positively _________
__________ and a bit, well, hmm ________
Plus, I believe
Gettin’ kinda  _________
I’m just saying ’cause I wuv you
Mother understands
Mother’s here to help you
All I have is one request
Rapunzel?

Rapunzel:
Yes?

Mother Gothel:
Don’t ever ask to leave this tower again.

Rapunzel:
Yes, Mother.

Mother Gothel:
I love you very much, dear.

Rapunzel:
I love you more.

Mother Gothel:
I love you most.
Don’t forget it
You’ll regret it
Mother knows best

WORKSHEET


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Sunday, July 9, 2017

Lesson 221 – Parts of the Sentence – Verbals – Participles

A participle is used as an adjective and ends in various ways. A present participle always ends with ing as does the gerund, but remember that it is an adjective. A past participle ends with ed, n, or irregularly. Examples: played, broken, brought, sung, seeing, having seen, being seen, seen, having been seen. Participles modify nouns and pronouns and can precede or follow the word modified. (Do not confuse participles that end in ing with gerunds. Participles are used as adjectives; gerunds are used as nouns.)
Instructions: Find the participles in these sentences and tell what word they modify.
1. The bike had a broken spoke.
2. Her smiling face made everyone happy.
3. The frightened child was crying loudly.
4. The people were frightened by the growling dog.
5. The squeaking wheel needs some grease.
–For answers scroll down.
Answers:
1. broken modifying spoke
2. smiling modifying face
3. frightened modifying child
4. growling modifying dog
5. squeaking modifying wheel

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://ift.tt/1BHeG8C. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook and a Workbook format.
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Friday, July 7, 2017

Quiz for Lessons 216 – 220 – Parts of the Sentence – Verbals – Noun Infinitives

Instructions: Find the noun infinitive phrases in the following sentences and tell how they are used.
1. To sit in judgment is a difficult task.
2. To waste time in class is foolishness.
3. To party and to sleep in were his only faults.
4. My grandfather wanted only to build a home and raise a family.
5. Barbara hopes to be home soon.
6. His joys were to play soccer and to visit friends.
7. To save money for a rainy day is a good idea.
8. The man’s goal was to go to college and to study law.
9. Everyone wants to be rewarded for one’s efforts.
10. Our desire is nothing but to live happily.
–For answers scroll down.
Answers:
1. to sit in judgment = subject
2. to waste time in class = subject
3. to party/to sleep in = subjects
4. to build a home/(to) raise a family = direct objects
5. to be home soon = direct object
6. to play soccer/to visit friends = predicate nominatives
7. to save money for a rainy day = subject
8. to go to college/to study law = predicate nominatives
9. to be rewarded for one’s efforts = direct object
10. to live happily = object of the preposition

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://ift.tt/1BHeG8C. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook and a Workbook format.
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